A city of culture

Wroclaw is a city where culture plays a special role. It has an opera house, an operetta and numerous theatres. Jerzy Grotowski ran his experimental Laboratorium Theatre here, the well-known poet Tadeusz Rozewicz and the founder of Wroclaw’s pantomime theatre, Henryk Tomaszewski, worked here as well. Many famous events take place in the city, including the Actors’ Song Festival and the Wratislavia Cantans Festival.

Wroclaw also has many museums - the most significant being the National Museum with paintings by outstanding Polish artists, such as Jan Matejko, Jacek Malczewski and Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, otherwise known as Witkacy, followed by the famous Raclawice Panorama, painted by a group of artists led by Jan Styka and Wojciech Kossak. This giant painting, 120 m in circumference and 15 m tall, presents the Battle of Raclawice in 1794, in which the Poles under the command of Tadeusz Kosciuszko beat the Russians. This monumental artwork was brought to Wroclaw from Lviv in 1946, but it took another 39 years before the authorities - which feared an awakening of nationalist feeling among the Poles - agreed for the painting to be displayed in a rotunda specially built to house it.