The Republic of Poland is located in Central Europe. It borders on Germany in the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the south, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine in the east, while its northernborder is delimited by the Baltic Sea coast and Russia (Kaliningrad district). Poland’s nationalemblem is a white eagle with a golden crown on a red background. The national Polish flag is white and red.
The people of Poland use the Polish language. The population, over 38.5 million strong, occupy anarea of 312,700 square kilometres. Its capital andthe largest city is Warsaw, which has a populationof over 1,800,000 and is located upon the longest Polish river, the Vistula.
Poland is a country with diversified landscape. The Sudeten (Sudety) and the Carpathian (Karpaty) Mountains stretch along Poland’s southern border. The Sudenten belong to the oldest massifs in Europe. Mt Sniezka (1602 metres) is their tallest peak. The Carpathians are younger. The Tatras which make up their central part are the only Alpine-style range in Poland; their tallest peak, Mt Rysy, is 2499 metres high. Located in the northern part of the country, the Pomeranian and Mazurian Lakelands are home to innumerable lakes set amidst picturesque hills and beautiful forests; the largest is Lake Sniardwy which occupies a surface area of 109,700 hectares. Further north are the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea coast.